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Campanii

1. campanii de ecologizare si reciclare

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2. campanii de informare cu privire la programele de voluntariat european si programelor subscrise raspunderii social corporatiste

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3. campanii de informare cu privire la riscurile consumului de alcool si droguri

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4. campanii de solidaritate

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1. campanii de ecologizare si reciclare

Cleaning the beach Yalimapo

     Awala-Yalimapo is a village on the north coast of French Guyana, here you can find The Natural Reservation Amana, with a total area of 40 800 hectares. Reserve territory includes a variety of environments, such as beaches, brackish lagoon, mangrove forests, tropical; forests and marshes with fresh water. The majority population of this community is Amerindians and they are in charge of protect this territory which is protected by law. Among the activities performed by employees of Natural Reservation Amana are: ecological beach, bird study, bats study, observing the nest of turtles eggs, and in certain periods they study turtles, which come on the beach to lay.    A group of young Romanian volunteers of Millenium Centre  Association in the “Action-Reaction-Interaction” in the area of Awala-Yalimapo with the Amana Natural Reservation. Among these activities are found greening and panels on the beach.   

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The first hour of the morning, with fresh strength and enthusiasts we have gathered a few of Romanian volunteers to clean the beach. Each of as was “armed” with gloves and garbage bags tools offered by reservation and we get help from two ambassadors and a guardian from the reservation.    We were told that the beach is clean twice a week, so we though that we don't have so much work to do. We were wrong, because, after a few feet walking on the beach, from the reserve to where we were staying, Yalimale, we found first pile of garbage. Then the next and the next. All this garbage on the beach is a “masterpiece” of locals fishermen who leave there every morning empty doses of beer and break nets. Even if on the beach are places where they can throw away all the garbage, they still leave their trash in large piles.   

This activity it took about two hours. Then came an employee of the reserve by car and took all the garbage gathered by us, led to reserve and we weighing it. We raised 88,5 kilograms of trash. We were very excited when we saw a table made by the ambassadors and we saw that before they didn't gathered by far so many quantities as we did. Still, we didn't managed to collect the biggest quantity of garbage on the list, but we were happy with second place, the greatest quantity of trash gathered was 120 kilograms.    We went back home tired, with the skin very strong sun burned, wet to the skin, because of rain that hit on us wile we were returning at the reserve, but we were delighted with the work and outcome.

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Alexandra Cozma

2. campanii de informare cu privire la programele de voluntariat european si programelor subscrise raspunderii social corporatiste

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY IN THE LOCAL COMMUNITY OF AWALA YALIMAPO  

 Corporate Social Responsability is intended as a high commitment to behave ethically and contribute to economic development and developing activities meant to improve the quality of life of the workforce and their family members as well as the local community as whole. Corporate Social Responsability, as stated above is a concept barely known within the local community of Awala Yalimapo because of the lack of corporations and lack of a real labor market, within this community the unemployment rate is considerably high as long as French Guyana is not attractive for corporations.  

 Nevertheless, the principles of CSR are still there, known under a different concept as that of taking care and supporting the local community, making them aware of the need of lifelong education and starting with the fondation of the Reserve Naturelle de l’Amana, this institution did not made other then facilitating the dialogue and trying to get along with the population, to preserve the nature for and with respect for the next generation.  

 Reserve Naturelle de l’Amana was created throught Ministry Decree no.98-165 of 13 March 1998 and is responsible with preserving about 15ha. Is situated within the Awala-Yalimapo villages and on Mana city in the North-West of Guyane, on the coast. This area is characteristic for the animal species: turtles, seabirds and forest birds, jaguars, poisonous snakes.  

 The rappresentants of the Maison de la Reserve Naturelle is making great progresses lately in creating long term cooperation with the local population, proposing activities and events meant to agree upon the common good. The objective of the Maison of the Reserve is to build a real and strong dialogue with the people of Awala-Yalimapo and engage the people values, potential and competencies in creating a favourable atmosphere of trust and innovation.     Above all the activities the Maison de la Reserve Naturelle is trying to support development, growth and promotion of nature’s values among the habitants.  

 Among the activities initiated by Maison de la Reserve Naturelle that could be mentioned are: the inclusion in the labor market of about 14 young people, developing ecological campaigns, organizing information and awareness session concerning nature protection  and promotion of dialogue among youth population in order to increase cohesion and solidarity sentiments among people.  

 The Maison du la Reserve Naturelle Amana is engaging in promoting among young people the importance of preservation and enhacement of the natural riches as long as in French Guyana there are plenty of animal and vegetal species that are at risk of extinction. Therefore, even the principal aim ist o protect there animals along with the four guards employed to this reason, the rappresentants are getting involved in the life of the people living in Awala-Yalimapo, is trying to give a hand and to promote peace and dialogue. And from this point to that of building more upon the principles of CSR there is not a long way. The experience of this institution is a lesson of how nature still interwave with people’s life. A marvellous lesson that still outlasts in our developed and stressed world.

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY. CORPORATIONS HEADING TO WHERE?

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) emerged in the early 1970 and is known within the practitioners as well as corporate responsibility, corporate citizenship and is a feature of corporate self-regulation translated into a business plan. Developed corporations, mostly those active on the stock market, would adhere to the principles of CSR in order to ensure a better risk management within the corporation, this being a core part of many corporate strategies; to meet the specific legislation in the activity of the branch, the ethical and quality standards and as well to increase the capacity to comply with the international regulations.

Some of the principles of CSR within corporation are to prevent the negative impact of their activity on the environment (such like pollution or using renewable raw materials) and the corporations strive to became socially accounting (by publishing report guidelines or obtaining standards such like Green Globe Certification, ISO 14000, Good Corporation Standard, United Nations Global Compact); acting responsible in front of the employees, costumers, communities where they develop the activities, stakeholders and as well to the public sphere.

The aim of CSR is to create a new path for local development by promoting an atmosphere of trust and cooperation between administration sphere, civil society and business market/area as the corporation voluntarily are addressing issues like health, safety and many other issues given by the local context where they develop the activity. 

The aim of these principles propose to the corporations to act as part of the communities where they develop the activities and thus to be responsible for the actions they do and as well to bring their own contributions and resources to promote and encourage community growth and sustainable development by fighting off any kind of practices that could harm the public sphere. The principles of CSR changed through time the perspective upon the business that now follows the algorithm: people, planet and in the last place profit. 

Other characteristic of the activity developed by corporations is transparency of their activity concerning the profit and loss sheet reports – balance sheet, auditing and organizational management. There are a large range of companies that produce externally audited annual reports that cover topics like CSR and sustainable development. All this information is made available to all operators and practitioners concerned stakeholders in other words, all those individuals or structures that could be impacted by organizations activity, such like costumers and investors. Types of activities that corporations could get engaged within a CSR programme are: creating education facilities and supporting educational courses to improve people abilities and skills through a CSR program particularly within graduate student market, aids for local communities with respect for the principle of sustainable development, awareness campaign. Through the principles of CSR, corporations could help to improve the perception of the civil society, employees and other partners about their own organization and the about the activity they develop.    

As reason for corporations to adhere to CSR could be mentioned ethical consumerism. In the context of global increasing population as consequence the pressure on the highly limited resources needed to face consumer demand, corporations are making their part in increasing the conscience of societies among whom they are working about the environmental impact and influences on costumers decisions.    

Even though in the most of the countries CSR is not the subject of a legislative framework, corporations are day-by-day confronted with aspects where they should be taken into consideration within their business and give place for sustainable development. Corporations are nowadays motivated to act more socially responsible as long as their stakeholders expect from them to be aware and answer to the social and community issues.     

In the context of an enlarged European space regarding issues emerging within local and global community and of increased migration phenomenon CSR is meant to bring a human feature within the corporations beyond their capacity to act in large intercultural contexts and their high capacity to increase their own profit.

Florentina TINC

3. campanii de informare cu privire la riscurile consumului de alcool si droguri

Consumul de alcool si droguri in Guiana Franceza In cadrul proiectului “Actiune-Reactiune-Interactiune”, ne-am documentat cu privire la consumul excesiv de alcool si consumul de droguri incomunitatea din Awala Yalimapo, dar si in zonele urbane invecinate, unde aceste probleme sunt maifrecvente.In vecinatatea frontierei cu Surinam se gasesc droguri pentru toate gusturile, de la hasis sau cocainala brown sugar.

Fluxul de droguri are un curs bine stabilit: de la frontiera cu Surinam inspre directiaSaint-Laurent. Asta in conditiile in care Franta califica consumul, detinerea, producerea si traficul dedroguri ca fiind ilegale si sugereaza tratarea lor ca pe o crima impotriva umanitatii. Codul Penalpedepseste orice tip de infractiune de trafic cu substante stupefiante inclusiv detinerea, transportul,oferirea, acordarea, achizitionarea, si implicarea in actiuni ilicite cu stupefiante, cu pana la 10 ani deinchisoare si 7.500.000 euro amenda. Articolele 222-37 si 222-36 din Codul Penal prevad infractiunile clasate si considerate crime si anume: producerea sau fabricarea de substante stupefiante pedepsite cu 20 de ani de inchisoare si 7.500.000 euro amenda pentruactiuni de crima organizata; actiuni organizate de import si export ilicit de stupefiante pedepsit cu 30 de ani de inchisoare si 7.500.000 euro amenda.

Consumul de droguri si consumul excesiv de alcool atrag o serie de probleme precum: contactareade boli incurabile, dependenta si provocarea mortii; deficitul pe piata fortei de munca, din moment ce indivizii sub influenta alcoolului si a drogurilor sunt incapabili sa desfasoare un program de lucru; Guyana Franceza are o rata a somajului de circa 30%, cu aproximativ 10 procente mai mare decat acum 10 ani, conform “Le petit futé – Country Guide Guyane”; accidente rutiere deosebit de grave; cresterea delicventei juvenile si a actelor de vandalism; cresterea riscurilor de contactare a bolilor cu transmitere sexuala; destabilizarea relatiilor in cadrul familiei, scaderea calitatii vietii membrilor acestora si un impact negativ asupra dezvoltarii copiilor.

Recomandarile noastre pe baza problemelor pe care le-am identificat in urma cercetarii de teren sunt: crearea de programe integrate de educatie pentru parinti si copii pentru prevenirea consumului de alcool si droguri si programe de informare a populatiei asupra riscurilor aduse de consumul acestor substante. Consideram ca jandarmeria nu poate interveni in cazurile de detinere si comercializare dedroguri din cauza lipsei de capital uman pus la dispozitie in Guyana Franceza si a fondurilorinsuficiente. Credem, de asemenea, ca majoritatea tinerilor nu sunt implicati in nici un fel de activitate care sa le angajeze potentialul, motiv pentru care cad victime ale consumului de alcool si droguri.

Florentina Tinc

4. campanii de solidaritate

        Cu ocazia saptamanii anti-SIDA, voluntarii AMICUS au participat la o campanie de solidaritate desfasurata in localitatea SAINT-LAurent du Marroni. Aici, acestia au luat contact cu organizatii de profil, iar prin standul organizat s-a avut in vedere si informarea celor curiosi despre programele Uniunii Europene prin care se incurajeaza mobilitatea si dezvoltarea tinerilor cu oportunitati limitate.

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